PHRASES AND ITS TYPES. Here is a complete 8 types of phrases with examples and Exercise that are very helpful to learn about phrase and its details. Here is a collection of words when they joined then they give a complete meaning of a sentence. Phrases and its types with detailed lesson and PDF are listed below.
Must learn : Figure of speech
PHRASES AND ITS TYPES
A phrase is a group of words which has a definite meaning when used together. It makes some sense but not complete sense. It is a part of sentence and helps in making the sentence.
- A man of parts
- A man of worth
- In the corner
- On the hill
- About his failure
- On my success
- At the bus stop
- At the railway station
- At her remarks
- Aware of
A phrase can be turned into a meaningful sentence as:
- A man of Parts: Aslam is a man of parts.
- A man of worth: Arslan is a man of worth.
- In the corner: He sat in the corner.
- On the hill: The eagle was on the hill.
- About his failure: I was worried about his failure.
- On my success: He congratulated me on my success.
- At the bus stop: Amram met me at the bus stop.
- At the railway station: I received him at the railway station.
- At her remarks: He was sad at her remarks.
- Aware of: I am aware of changes here.
Read the following sentences.
- This is a gold chain.
This word gold chain is the sum of words. (Noun + Noun) in this sentence there is no finite verb. It is work as a unit. That’s why it is called phrase. (Noun Phrase)
- This is a golden chain.
Golden chain is a Golden is a Adjective with a Noun. In chain there is no infinite.
But is is made noun and adjectives. This is not a unit or a group.
- This is a chain made of gold.
Made of gold without finite verb is a sum of words.it is used as a unit. That why it is called Phrase.
- This is a chain which is made of gold.
Which is made of gold is a sum of words. But it has finite verb ‘’IS’’. That is called Clause not Phrase.
KINDS OF PHRASES
- NOUN PHRASE
- PRINCIPAL PHRASE
- ADJECTIVE PHRASE
- PHRASE IN APPOSITION
- ADVERBIAL PHRASE
- ABSOLUTE PHRASE
- PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
- PARENTHETICAL PHRASE
A noun phrase is a group of words that acts as a noun. It may be a subject or object or complement of a verb.
- Playing hockey
- Reading books
- Early to bed
- To win a prize
- Birds eye view
- At sixes and sevens
- Kith and kin
- Without rhyme or reason
- To learn driving
- Reading novels
- Ups and downs
- Wear and tear
- Long and short
- Part and parcel.
TOP ABOVE PHRASES CAN BE TURNED INTO SENTENCES:
- Playing hockey keeps man active.
- We have enjoyed reading this book.
- Early to bed is a good habit.
- To win a prize is a hard task.
- We had a bird’s eye view of the city from tower.
- Everything in the room was at sixes and sevens.
- We should be kind to our kith and kin.
- He left his service without rhyme or reason.
- He wants to learn driving.
- I am fond of of reading novels.
- We should learn the ups and downs of life.
- Wear and tear of roads causes problems.
- The long and short of discussion is that he was killed.
- TV is a part and parcel of a modern house.
Note: In order to understand the NOUN Phrase more clearly, question ‘’WHAT’’ should be asked after the ‘’VERB’’ and what follows, is either a noun, a noun phrase or a noun clause as:
He wants ‘’what’’……to learn driving.
Hence ‘’to learn driving’’ is a NOUN PHRASE.
HOW CAN WE FIND PHRASE IN A SENTENCE: Here is a list of some sentences with details:
- He demanded something. (SUB + VERB + NOUN)
In this sentence something is a noun and demanded is a verb and he is a noun.
- He demanded something to eat. (SUB + VERB + NP WITH INFINITIVE)
In this sentence he is a subject demanded is a verb, something to eat is a noun phrase with infinitive.
- She took tea. (SUB + VERB + NOUN)
- She took tea early. (SUB + VERB + NOUN)
- Praising is a good virtue. (NOUN AS SUBJ + VERB)
- Praising all is equal to praising noun. (NP + VERB + ADJECTIVE + NP)
- He showed me a computer. (SUB + VERB + NOUN)
- He showed me how to assemble a computer. (With how to)
Exercises No 1:
- He denies stealing the money.
- I do not expect to start his project today.
- Cats like catching mice.
- Children like eating fish.
- We should not do such a thing.
- Resolve to come again.
- The headmaster wished to speak to my father.
- I enjoy reading column in the newspapers.
- I hate playing cards.
- Why do you hate visiting such a man?
- My winning first position surprised him.
- To do such travels in disgraceful.
- It is not easy to give up smoking.
- The horse prefers living in dark stable.
- I don’t intend to harm you.
When a word qualifies a noun or a pronoun, it is called adjective. When a group of words without having subject and predicate does the work of an adjectives, it is called ADJECTIVE PHRASE.
- Of great nobility
- With long hair
- Of short stature
- With blue eyes
- In white dress.
These examples are used in a sentence:
- He is a man of great nobility.
- A boy with long hair came here.
- A boy of short stature stood there.
- A boy with blue eyes came to meet me.
- He lives in a house made of mud.
- This is the page with no writing on it.
- Life is not a bed of roses.
Let us study the following adjectives and adjectives phrases which are equal:
|A white elephant||An elephant with a white man.|
|A smiling face||A face with a smile on it.|
|The longest day||The day of great length.|
|A kind man||A man with kind nature.|
|A purple shirt||A shirt of purple colour.|
|A blue-eyed boy||A boy with blue eyed boy.|
|A jungle track||A track through the jungle.|
Identify the adjective phrases in the following sentences.
- A friend in need is a friend indeed.
- Ahmad is a lad of great promise.
- A stich in time saves nine.
- A man in great difficulties came to me for help.
- He bore a banner with a strange device.
- He wrote a turban made of silk.
- He is a man without a friend.
- I met an old man from a cottage.
- Ali is a man of senses.
- He has done a deed of shame.
- It is of no use.
- Children like books with pictures.
EXERCISE NO 2
Identify the adjective phrases in the following sentences:
- A man always in need is disliked.
- Ali told tales of great bravery.
- She is a girl with blue eyes.
- He was wearing a crown made of gold.
- This is a page with no writing on it.
- Ali narrated his adventure of trials and tribulations.
- Ahmad is a man of great worth.
- The boy with blue eyes is my friend.
- Her mother brought her a shawl of blue colour.
- The hunter shot the tiger with a grey skin.
- He makes paintings of great value.
- She is a woman of great popularity.
- June 22 is the day of great length.
- He is a man of kind nature.
- The woman in green dress in my aunt.
- Girls with short hair are disliked.
- Boys with short stature are disliked.
- She has done a deed of shame.
- Asafa is a girl with bad temper.
- He is a man with great honesty.
1.In need 2. Of great bravery 3. With blue eyes 4. Made of gold 5. With no writing 6. Of trials and tribulations 7. Of great worth 8. With blue eyes 9. Shawl of blue colour 10. With a gray skin 11. Of great value 12. Of great popularity 13. Of great length 14. Of kind nature 15. In green dress 16. With short hair 17. With short stature 18. Indeed 19. With bad temper 20. With great honesty.
When a word qualifies an adjective, verb or another adverb, it is called adverb. When this job is done by a group of words without having its subjects and predicate, it is called an adverb phrase as:
- With great speed
- In a hurried manner
- At this moment
- In no time
- Before long
These ADVERB PHRASE are used in a sentence:
- Ali ran with great speed.
- He did it in a hurried manner.
- He is busy now.
- He reached here in no time.
- I shall be with you before long.
- He answered me in a rude manner.
- You can buy these candles in all places.
- Hamzah walked with slow speed.
In these sentences shown adjectives:
- Ali ran
- He did it hurriedly.
- He is busy now.
- He reached here soon.
- I shall be with you soon.
- He answered me
- You can buy these candles everywhere.
- Hamzah walked
- He always speaks in a rude manner.
- He left the meeting hall in a hurry.
- He wrote an easy in a beautiful manner.
- The warriors fought in a brave manner.
- He will meet me in no time.
- She defrauded her in a clever manner.
- In former times, he was a successful actor.
- We have shifted to another place.
- We used to live on the top of the hill.
- I shall meet you at a early date.
- She behaved in a polite manner.
- I shall come to meet you in no time.
- We go to school early in the morning.
- By and by, he grew rich.
Let us now study the following adverbs and adverb phrases which are equal.
|Hastily||In a hastily manner|
|Beautifully||In a beautiful style|
|Foolishly||In a foolish manner|
|Now||At this point|
|Swiftly||In a swift manner|
|Abroad||In a foreign country|
|Recently||Just now or at a recent date|
|Quickly||In a quick manner|
|Gradually||By and by|
|Everywhere||Far and wide|
|Rarely||From time to time|
|Consequently||In a long run|
|Absolutely||Once for all|
|On time||In the nick of time|
|Cleverly||In a clever manner|
|Speedily||With great speed|
|Affectionately||In an affectionate manner|
Position of adverb phrase:
When there are two or more adverbs or adverb phrases after a verb, the normal order in the ‘’Adverb of (1). Manner (2) Place (3) Time
They sang sweetly at the concert yesterday.
In this sentence sweetly is a Manner and at the concert is Place and yesterday is a Time.
Note: an adverb phrase includes some adverb with preposition called adverbials that modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
Identify the adverb phrases in the following sentences.
- I have read Anwar Jameel to my great profit.
- The great blue bell was hanging over him.
- It must be done at any cost.
- Dishonesty is written on his face.
- Ahmad succeeded in the long run.
- Ali has proved his case to my satisfaction.
- Keep the bad boys at an arm’s length.
- He arrived at the moment.
- The woodcutter felled a tree with his axe.
- She failed in the examination.
- I thank you with all my heart.
- She behaved in a polite manner.
- He does his homework with great care.
- Abuser behaved in a good manner.
- The wind blew in a great violence.
A prepositional phrase consists of preposition followed by a prepositional complement which is characteristically a noun phrase or WH- clause or V-Ing clause.
A few prepositional phrases are:
According to, along with, away from, because of, in favor of, in spite of, instead of, in order to, in place of, on account of, with a view to, with regard to, at the bottom of, at home in, by dint of, by way of, in case of etc.
- Who is at the bottom of this conspiracy?
- He is at home in English.
- He succeeded by dint of hard work.
- I said it just by way of joke.
- Call me in case of danger.
- He played instead of
- I went there with a view to meeting him.
- He could not come to school because of
- We are in favour of change here.
- He acted according to the instructions.
PHRASE IN APPOSITION
If we join two sentences with the help of ‘’Defining Clause’’ it is called Phrase in Apposition. This phrase generally occurs in the middle of the sentence and sometimes at the end also.
- Quaid-e- Azam is the founder of Pakistan. He was born in Karachi.
- Quaid-e-Azam the founder of Pakistan, was born in Karachi.
- Allamah Iqbal is the poet of the East. He was born in Sialkot.
- Allamah Iqbal, the poet of the east, was born in Sialkot.
- Hamza is my best friend. He is very hardworking.
- Hamza, my friend, is very hardworking.
Now Study the following sentences bearing phrases in apposition.
- My son, very genius, stood first in the examination.
- Hazrat Ali, a brave warrior, stood victorious in battles.
- My brother, very hard working, runs this shop.
- Anwar, a great poet, lives at Lahore.
- Lahore, the capital of the Punjab, is a famous city.
- A.Q. khan, a Scientist, made atom bomb.
- Muhammad bin Qassim, a great Muslim general, conquered Sindh.
- Shella, my sister, is seriously ill.
- I like fluffy, my faithful dog.
- His uncle, a millionaire, sent him to Dubai.
Groups of words of interdependence with separate subject and without finite verb are called ABSOLUTE PHRASE.
- The teacher entered the class. The students set to reading.
- The teacher having entered the class, the students set to reading.
- It was a holiday. We went out for a picnic.
- It being a holiday, we went out for a picnic.
- The soldiers arrived. The people dispersed.
- The soldiers having arrived, the people dispersed.
Study the following sentences and identify absolute phrases.
- The war having broken out, the prices rose high.
- His father having died, he had to do all the work.
- The teacher having gone, the boys made a noise.
- The president having reached, the people assembled.
- It being a hot day, we could not go out.
- The taxi having broken down, we went on foot.
- My father having reached, we were very happy.
- It being a fine day, we worked with devotion.
- The rain having stopped, we started our journey.
- The teacher having left, the students were very sad.
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