All Figure of Speech With Examples

Figure of speech with examples refers to the artistic use of language to express ideas in a non-literal, imaginative way. For instance, a simile compares two things using “like” or “as,” as in “as brave as a lion.” Metaphors imply a comparison, like “time is a thief.” Hyperbole exaggerates for effect, such as “I’ve told you a million times.” These devices add depth and creativity to language.

What are Figures Of Speech?

Figures of speech are linguistic tools that writers and speakers use to convey ideas in a more vivid and imaginative way. They involve the use of words or phrases in a manner that differs from their usual literal interpretation to add emphasis, clarity, or freshness to expression.

Types of Figures of Speech

  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification
  • Hyperbole
  • Understatement
  • Metonymy
  • Synecdoche
  • Alliteration
  • Assonance
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Irony
  • Sarcasm
  • Satire
  • Oxymoron
  • Paradox
  • Pun
  • Allusion
  • Allegory
  • Euphemism
  • Anaphora
  • Epistrophe
  • Litotes
  • Chiasmus
  • Zeugma
  • Apostrophe
  • Antithesis
  • Asyndeton
  • Polysyndeton
  • Synesthesia
  • Tautology

Must learn: All Parts of speech

Figure of Speech With Examples

figure of speech


Definition: A simile compares two different things using “like” or “as.”

  • Quick as lightning
  • Cold like ice
  • Brave as a lion
  • Sweet as sugar
  • Sharp as a tack
    Uses: Similes are used to make descriptions more vivid and engaging by drawing a comparison.


Definition: A metaphor directly compares two unrelated things without using “like” or “as.”

  • Time is money
  • Heart of stone
  • Life’s a journey
  • Sea of troubles
  • World’s a stage
    Uses: Metaphors are used for a stronger impact to convey similarities in a more direct manner.


Definition: Personification gives human qualities to non-human entities.

  • Time marches on
  • Wind whispers secrets
  • Sun smiled down
  • Trees danced in wind
  • Stars winked in sky
    Uses: Personification is used to add vividness to non-human elements, making descriptions more relatable and poetic.


Definition: Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally.

  • I’m starving to death
  • Cried a river
  • Faster than the wind
  • Tons of homework
  • Sky-high prices
    Uses: Hyperboles are used to add emphasis or express strong emotion.


Definition: An understatement makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.

  • Just a scratch
  • Somewhat expensive
  • Slightly chilly
  • A bit uncomfortable
  • Mildly interesting
    Uses: Understatements are often used for ironic or humorous effect.


Definition: Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by something closely associated with it.

  • White House for President
  • The pen for writing
  • Hollywood for cinema
  • Silicon Valley for tech
  • The crown for royalty
    Uses: Metonymy is used to provide a more concise or indirect reference.


Definition: Synecdoche is where a part represents the whole or the whole represents a part.

  • Wheels for car
  • Bread for food
  • Hands for helpers
  • Sails for ship
  • Head for cattle
    Uses: Synecdoche is used for stylistic effect, often in poetry and literature.


Definition: Alliteration is the repetition of the same initial consonant sounds in successive words.

  • Peter Piper picked
  • Silly Sally swiftly
  • Big bad bear
  • Round the rugged rock
  • Crazy cats clambered
    Uses: Alliteration is used to create rhythm, enhance mood, and emphasize certain words.


Definition: Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words.

  • Hollow and mellow
  • Men sell the wedding bells
  • The light of the fire
  • Same game fame
  • Trail and pain
    Uses: Assonance is often used in poetry to create a particular mood or rhythm.


Definition: Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate natural sounds.

  • Buzz of bees
  • Hiss of snake
  • Tick-tock of clock
  • Sizzle of bacon
  • Clap of thunder
    Uses: Onomatopoeia is used to make descriptions more expressive and vivid.


Definition: Irony involves words that are used in a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning.

  • Clear as mud
  • Bigger than a minute
  • Awfully good
  • Seriously funny
  • Deafening silence
    Uses: Irony is used to convey sarcasm or humor, or to emphasize the opposite of what is actually said.


Definition: Sarcasm is a sharp, bitter, or cutting expression or remark; a bitter gibe or taunt.

  • Nice going, genius
  • I’m not lazy, I’m relaxed
  • What a pleasant surprise
  • Thanks for the help, really
  • I’m so thrilled
    Uses: Sarcasm is often used for humor, criticism, or some form of wit.


Definition: Satire is the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices.

  • Political cartoons
  • Parody news articles
  • Comedic imitations
  • Mockumentaries
  • Ironic compliments
    Uses: Satire is often used in literature, arts, and media to highlight societal or political issues.


Definition: An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.

  • Jumbo shrimp
  • Deafening silence
  • Seriously funny
  • Bitter sweet
  • Living dead
    Uses: Oxymorons are used to create an effect of surprise or to emphasize a point through contradiction.


Definition: A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to a self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.

  • I’m a liar
  • Less is more
  • Nobody goes there anymore; it’s too crowded
  • This statement is false
  • The only constant is change
    Uses: Paradoxes are often used to provoke thought or illustrate a point about the complexity of reality.


Definition: A pun is a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings.

  • A horse is a stable animal
  • Time flies like an arrow; fruit flies like a banana
  • I used to be a baker, but I couldn’t make enough dough
  • I’m reading a book on anti-gravity, it’s impossible to put down
  • An eggcellent idea
    Uses: Puns are used to create humor and are often found in literature and everyday conversation.


Definition: An allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing, or idea of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance.

  • He’s a real Romeo
  • It’s her Achilles’ heel
  • Don’t act like a Scrooge
  • A Pandora’s box of problems
  • He has a Herculean task
    Uses: Allusions are used to enrich a text by drawing on the knowledge and associations of the reader, often to create deeper meanings.


Definition: An allegory is a narrative in which characters and events represent broader themes and concepts.

  • Animal Farm: political allegory
  • The Tortoise and Hare: moral allegory
  • Plato’s Cave: philosophical allegory
  • The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe: religious allegory
  • Lord of the Flies: societal allegory
    Uses: Allegories are used to convey complex ideas and themes through symbolic figures, actions, or imagery.


Definition: A euphemism is a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt.

  • Passed away: died
  • Between jobs: unemployed
  • Economically disadvantaged: poor
  • Collateral damage: civilian deaths
  • Letting you go: fired
    Uses: Euphemisms are used to soften the impact of difficult or sensitive subjects.


Definition: Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.

  • We shall fight, we shall win
  • Every child, every teacher, every parent
  • To think, to dream, to believe
  • No pain, no gain, no glory
  • Freedom for all, justice for all
    Uses: Anaphora is used to emphasize a point and create a rhythm and appeal in speech or writing.


Definition: Epistrophe is the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses.

  • See no evil, hear no evil
  • Government of the people, by the people, for the people
  • Born to be wild, live to be wild
  • I swear to tell the truth, the whole truth
  • Lost time, lost opportunities, lost dreams
    Uses: Epistrophe is used for emphasis and to create a rhythmical and eloquent effect.


Definition: Litotes is a figure of speech that employs an understatement by using double negatives.

  • Not too bad: good
  • Not a bad idea: good idea
  • Not unfamiliar: familiar
  • She’s not unattractive: attractive
  • It’s not rocket science: simple
    Uses: Litotes is used to provide emphasis, create irony, or soften the impact of a statement.


Definition: Chiasmus is a rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures.

  • Never let a fool kiss you
  • Ask not what your country
  • You forget what you want
  • Bad men live that they
  • She has all my love
    Uses: Chiasmus is used to create a memorable impact and often used in speeches for emphasis.


Definition: Zeugma is a figure of speech where a word applies to multiple parts of the sentence.

  • Lost his coat and temper
  • He opened his mind and wallet
  • She broke his car and heart
  • He caught a fish and cold
  • Left in anger and haste
    Uses: Zeugma is used for stylistic effect to create surprise or humor.


Definition: An apostrophe is a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent person or a personified quality, object, or idea.

  • O Death, where is thy sting?
  • Twinkle, twinkle, little star
  • Hello darkness, my old friend
  • Roll on, thou deep and dark
  • O Time, thou must untangle
    Uses: Apostrophes are used for dramatic effect or to convey deep emotions.


Definition: Antithesis is a rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect.

  • Speech is silver, silence gold
  • One small step, giant leap
  • To err is human, to forgive divine
  • Better late than never, but never late
  • You are easy on the eyes, but hard on the heart
    Uses: Antithesis is used to create a stark contrast between two ideas or concepts, highlighting the difference.


Definition: Asyndeton is a writing style where conjunctions are omitted in a series of words, phrases, or clauses.

  • I came, I saw, I conquered
  • Without warning, without reason, without mercy
  • Government of the people, by the people, for the people
  • We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle
    Uses: Asyndeton is used to create a concise, impactful, and dramatic effect.


Definition: Polysyndeton is the use of several conjunctions in close succession, especially where they are usually replaced by commas.

  • And we laughed and played and talked
  • There were fountains and gardens and trees
  • They read and studied and wrote and drilled
  • He was tall and strong and brave and wise
  • It’s all or nothing, now or never, do or die
    Uses: Polysyndeton is used to create a feeling of overwhelming abundance or continuous sequence.


Definition: Synesthesia is a figure of speech in which one sense is described using terms from another.

  • Loud colors
  • Bitter cold
  • Sweet sound
  • Warm aroma
  • Silky voice
    Uses: Synesthesia is used to blend the senses in descriptions, creating vivid and unexpected imagery.


Definition: Tautology is the repetitive use of phrases or words which have similar meanings.

  • Free gift
  • Added bonus
  • Past history
  • Safe haven
  • Unexpected surprise
    Uses: Tautology is often used unintentionally but can be employed for emphasis or clarity.

types of figure of speech

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