Parts of speech with examples and definition| List of all parts of speech

Parts of speech with examples and definition! Here is a list 8 parts of speech with examples and definitions for the beginners to learn and speak English fluently. The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.

There are eight main parts of speech (also known as word classes) Noun, Pronoun, verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection. All the Detailed lesson are present Below must read it to improve your English sentences.

List all parts of speech

Noun

A Noun is a word used for giving a name to some person, place or thing.

For Example:

Arslan saw a snake in the garden.

In this sentence Garden, snake is a noun. It is because garden and snake show the thing and place so it is called Noun.

Types of Noun

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Collective Noun
  4. Material Noun
  5. Abstract Noun

Proper Noun

A Proper noun is a noun that denotes one particular person or thing as distinct from every other.

For Example:

Saleem (Person), Dere Ghazi Khan (City), Pakistan (Country).

Common Noun

A common Noun is a Noun that denotes a general or common person or a thing.

For Example:

Man, city, Country, table, Book.

Collective Noun

A collective noun is a noun that denotes a group , collection or multitude of similar things considered as one complete whole.

For Example:

Army, Jury, flock, Police, Class, Party

Material Noun

A material Noun is a noun that denotes the matter or substance of which things are made.

For Example:

Water, Milk, Silver, Gold, Cotton, Wheat.

Abstract Noun

An Abstract Noun is the name of an idea, a quality, an action or a situation it refers to something immaterial .

For Example:

Love, Anger, Beauty.

Parts of speech definition

list all parts of speech

Pronoun

A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.

Saim came here, he stayed for two weeks.

The Kinds of Pronouns

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Demonstrate Pronouns
  3. Relative Pronouns
  4. Interrogative Pronouns
  5. 1. Personal pronoun

The personal pronoun stand for are so called because they stand for the three persons. (I, We, You, he, she, It…..)

They are two kinds:

Possessive Pronouns

Mine, Ours, Yours, hers, his, Theirs, its.

Reflexive Pronouns

Myself , ourself, yourself, yourselves, herselves himself, themselves, itself.

  1. Demonstrative Pronouns

The demonstrative pronoun is so called because it demonstrates or points to some noun going before and is used instead of it.

  1. Relative Pronouns

A relative pronouns is so called because it relates to some noun or other pronoun going befor.

  1. Interrogative pronoun

An interrogative pronoun is one which asks a question.

Eight parts of speech

eight parts of speech

what are the parts of speech

Verb

A verb is a word used for saying something about the activity of a person a thing.

Verbs are subdivided into two classes:

  1. Transitive
  2. Intransitive
  3. Auxiliary

Transitive Verbs

A verb is transitive if the action does not stop with the doer but pass from the doer an object.

Intransitive verb

A verb is intransitive verb when the action stops with the doer and does not pass from the doer to an object.

Auxiliary verbs

An auxiliary verbs is that verb which helps to form a tense or mood of some other verbs.

Adjective

An adjective is a word used for qualifying the meanings of a noun or pronoun.

There are eight kinds of adjectives

  1. Proper adjectives
  2. Adjectives of Quantity
  3. Demonstrative Adjective
  4. Interrogative Adjective
  5. Adjective of Quality
  6. Adjective of Number
  7. Distributive Adjective
  8. Possessive Adjective

Proper adjective

These are adjective that describes a thing by some proper noun.

Adjectives of Quality

These are adjectives that show of what sort or in what state a thing is.

Adjectives of Quantity

These are adjectives show how much of a thing is meant.

Adjectives of Number

These are adjectives that show how many things there are or in what numerical order any of them stands.

Demonstrative adjectives

There are adjectives show which or what thing is meant.

Distributive adjectives

These are adjectives that show how that things are taken separately or in separate lots.

Interrogative adjectives

These are adjectives that are used with noun to ask questions.

Possessive adjectives

These are adjectives that are used with nouns to show the possession of a thing.

the 8 parts of speech with examples the 8 parts of speech with examples

the 8 parts of speech with examples

Adverb

Adverb is a word used for qualifying the meanings of a verb adjective or other adverb.

Kinds of Adverbs

There are three different kind of Adverb.

  1. Simple Adverb
  2. Interrogative adverb
  3. Relative adverb

Simple Adverb

A simple adverb is used merely to qualify the meaning of a word to which it is attached.

He came quickly.

Do it well.

Interrogative Adverbs

The Interrogative Adverbs are those which are used for asking questions.

Relative Adverbs

A relative Adverbs not only qualifies any part of speech except a noun or pronoun but also connect sentences.

parts of speech chart

parts of speech with examples

Preposition

A preposition is a word used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with another person or thing.

Prepositions have six different forms:

  1. Simple
  2. Double
  3. Compound
  4. Participle
  5. Phrase Preposition
  6. Disguised preposition

Simple prepositions

At, by, with, on, in, to, for, of, off, from, up, till, over, under.

Double prepositions

Into, unto, from, under, over, against, from off, from within

Compound prepositions

Across, Behind, Above, within, beside, beyond

Participle Preposition

During, notwithstanding, concerning, regarding, owing.

Phrase preposition

By means of because of, in opposition to, with a view to, instead of, with reference to

Disguised preposition

By , on, of.

Parts of speech with examples and definition

Conjunction

A conjunction is a word used for joining one word to another or one sentence to another sentences .

Akram and his brother came.

I went there but he was absent.

Conjunctions can be divided into two classes:

  1. Co-ordinating conjunctions
  2. Sub-ordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions

They join sentences of coordinate rank.

He came here and he met me.

He came to see me but I was not at home.

Sub ordinating conjunctions

They join a subordinate or sependent clause to a principle clause rank.

Interjection

An interjection is a word in a sentence to express some feeling  of the mind.

Hurrah! I have found my watch.

An interjection properly speaking is not a part of speech because it has no grammatical connection with any other word or words in the sentences . it is merely an exclamatory sound to denote some strong feeling or emotion.

  1. Exclamatory sounds
  2. Phrases used as interjections
  3. Mood of verbs and parts of speech

list of all parts of speech

Parts of speech with examples and definition

list of all parts of speech

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