Parts of speech with examples and definition| List of all parts of speech

Parts of speech with examples and definition. In English, there are eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, articles/determiners, and interjections. Each one has a different function within a sentence. For example, a noun is a person, place, thing, or idea; verbs describe an action or a state of being; adjectives modify nouns or pronouns; and adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

Most people know about the different parts of speech, even if they don’t realize it. There are eight parts of speech in English: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Each part of speech has a specific function in a sentence.

Nouns are words that refer to people, places, things, or ideas. Verbs are words that describe actions or states of being. Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns to describe them in more detail. Adverbs modify verbs to tell when, where, how, or to what extent something happened. Pronouns take the place of nouns and can be used as subjects or objects in a sentence. Prepositions show relationships between other words in a sentence. Conjunctions join together two independent clauses or two items in a list.

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A noun is a word that represents a thing, whether it be a physical object or an abstract concept. There are three main types of nouns: common, proper, and collective. Common nouns are the most basic type of noun and refer to general things, such as “table” or “dog.” Proper nouns refer to specific people, places, or things and always begin with a capital letter, such as “New York City” or “John Doe.” Collective nouns represent a group of people or things and can be singular or plural, depending on whether the group is acting as one unit or not. Some examples of collective nouns include “family,” “team,” and “flock.


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A pronoun is a word that represents a noun or assigned by someone. The use of pronouns can be seen in many different places such as books, magazines, and newspapers. Different types of pronouns include personal, reflexive, relative, and demonstrative.

Parts of speech with examples and definition

Personal pronouns represent people or things. For example: he, she, it, they, them, and their. Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject is referring to themselves. For example: myself, yourself, and ourselves. Relative pronouns are used to join two clauses together. For example: who, whom, that, which. Demonstrative pronouns point out specific people or things. For example: this one, that one.


A verb is a word that expresses an action or a state of being. Verbs are the most important part of a sentence. Without a verb, you cannot have a sentence.

  • There are three types of verbs:
  • action verbs,
  • linking verbs, and
  • helping verbs.
  • Action verbs are words that express physical or mental actions. Linking verbs are words that connect the subject of a sentence to its predicate. Helping verbs are words that help express the tense of a verb or show whether a verb is active or passive.


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An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb. Adverbs answer the question how?, in what manner?, to what extent?, or when?.

  • Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective, as in quickly, softly, and bravely. Some common adverbs do not follow this rule, including well, fast, hard, and late. Adverbs can be used to express degree, frequency, time, manner, place, or comment on an action or quality.


Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in a sentence. For example, the word “red” is an adjective that describes the color of something.

  • There are three main types of adjectives: descriptive, limiting, and demonstrative. Descriptive adjectives are used to describe the physical appearance or qualities of someone or something. Limiting adjectives are used to identify a specific person or thing. Demonstrative adjectives are used to point out someone or something.
  • Adjectives can be used in different ways in a sentence. They can come before a noun, after a linking verb, or after an intensifier such as “very.” Adjectives can also be comparison words like “bigger,” “smaller,” and “more.


parts of speech with examples

Prepositions are words that indicate location, direction, or time. They are often used before nouns, pronouns, and phrases to show how these things relate to each other. For example, in the sentence “I’m going to the store,” the word “to” is a preposition that shows direction.

  • Prepositions are usually short words, such as “in,” “on,” “at,” and “of.” However, some phrases can act as prepositions, such as “according to,” “beside,” and “in addition to.” Prepositions can be tricky for English learners because they often have multiple meanings and can be used in different ways.
  • There are three main types of prepositions: time, place, and movement. Time prepositions tell us when something happened or will happen.


A conjunction is a word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Conjunctions are used to show how things are related to each other. There are three kinds of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative.

  1. Coordinating conjunctions connect two things that are equal. The most common coordinating conjunctions are “and,” “but,” and “or.”
  2. Subordinating conjunctions connect two things that are not equal. The most common subordinating conjunction is “because.”
  3. Correlative conjunctions work in pairs. The most common correlative conjunction pairs are “either/or” and “neither/nor.


An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses strong emotion and is typically used as a part of speech. Interjections are often exclamations, but they can also be questions or commands.

Interjections can add emotion to a sentence, or they can be used to express surprise, anger, or even joy. They are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis.

While interjections are not necessary for communication, they can add color and life to language. In fact, many languages have multiple interjections to choose from depending on the situation.

the parts of speech


A Noun is a word used for giving a name to some person, place or thing.

For Example:

Arslan saw a snake in the garden.

In this sentence Garden, snake is a noun. It is because garden and snake show the thing and place so it is called Noun.

Types of Noun

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Collective Noun
  4. Material Noun
  5. Abstract Noun

Proper Noun

A Proper noun is a noun that denotes one particular person or thing as distinct from every other.

For Example:

Saleem (Person), Dere Ghazi Khan (City), Pakistan (Country).

Common Noun

A common Noun is a Noun that denotes a general or common person or a thing.

For Example:

Man, city, Country, table, Book.

Collective Noun

A collective noun is a noun that denotes a group , collection or multitude of similar things considered as one complete whole.

For Example:

Army, Jury, flock, Police, Class, Party

Material Noun

A material Noun is a noun that denotes the matter or substance of which things are made.

For Example:

Water, Milk, Silver, Gold, Cotton, Wheat.

Abstract Noun

An Abstract Noun is the name of an idea, a quality, an action or a situation it refers to something immaterial .

For Example:

Love, Anger, Beauty.

Parts of speech definition

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A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.

Saim came here, he stayed for two weeks.

The Kinds of Pronouns

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Demonstrate Pronouns
  3. Relative Pronouns
  4. Interrogative Pronouns
  5. 1. Personal pronoun

The personal pronoun stand for are so called because they stand for the three persons. (I, We, You, he, she, It…..)

They are two kinds:

Possessive Pronouns

Mine, Ours, Yours, hers, his, Theirs, its.

Reflexive Pronouns

Myself , ourself, yourself, yourselves, herselves himself, themselves, itself.

  1. Demonstrative Pronouns

The demonstrative pronoun is so called because it demonstrates or points to some noun going before and is used instead of it.

  1. Relative Pronouns

A relative pronouns is so called because it relates to some noun or other pronoun going befor.

  1. Interrogative pronoun

An interrogative pronoun is one which asks a question.

Eight parts of speech

eight parts of speech

what are the parts of speech


A verb is a word used for saying something about the activity of a person a thing.

Verbs are subdivided into two classes:

  1. Transitive
  2. Intransitive
  3. Auxiliary

Transitive Verbs

A verb is transitive if the action does not stop with the doer but pass from the doer an object.

Intransitive verb

A verb is intransitive verb when the action stops with the doer and does not pass from the doer to an object.

Auxiliary verbs

An auxiliary verbs is that verb which helps to form a tense or mood of some other verbs.


An adjective is a word used for qualifying the meanings of a noun or pronoun.

There are eight kinds of adjectives

  1. Proper adjectives
  2. Adjectives of Quantity
  3. Demonstrative Adjective
  4. Interrogative Adjective
  5. Adjective of Quality
  6. Adjective of Number
  7. Distributive Adjective
  8. Possessive Adjective

Proper adjective

These are adjective that describes a thing by some proper noun.

Adjectives of Quality

These are adjectives that show of what sort or in what state a thing is.

Adjectives of Quantity

These are adjectives show how much of a thing is meant.

Adjectives of Number

These are adjectives that show how many things there are or in what numerical order any of them stands.

Demonstrative adjectives

There are adjectives show which or what thing is meant.

Distributive adjectives

These are adjectives that show how that things are taken separately or in separate lots.

Interrogative adjectives

These are adjectives that are used with noun to ask questions.

Possessive adjectives

These are adjectives that are used with nouns to show the possession of a thing.

the 8 parts of speech with examples the 8 parts of speech with examples

the 8 parts of speech with examples


Adverb is a word used for qualifying the meanings of a verb adjective or other adverb.

Kinds of Adverbs

There are three different kind of Adverb.

  1. Simple Adverb
  2. Interrogative adverb
  3. Relative adverb

Simple Adverb

A simple adverb is used merely to qualify the meaning of a word to which it is attached.

He came quickly.

Do it well.

Interrogative Adverbs

The Interrogative Adverbs are those which are used for asking questions.

Relative Adverbs

A relative Adverbs not only qualifies any part of speech except a noun or pronoun but also connect sentences.

Parts of speech with examples and definition

parts of speech with examples


A preposition is a word used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with another person or thing.

Prepositions have six different forms:

  1. Simple
  2. Double
  3. Compound
  4. Participle
  5. Phrase Preposition
  6. Disguised preposition

Simple prepositions

At, by, with, on, in, to, for, of, off, from, up, till, over, under.

Double prepositions

Into, unto, from, under, over, against, from off, from within

Compound prepositions

Across, Behind, Above, within, beside, beyond

Participle Preposition

During, notwithstanding, concerning, regarding, owing.

Phrase preposition

By means of because of, in opposition to, with a view to, instead of, with reference to

Disguised preposition

By , on, of.

Parts of speech with examples and definition


A conjunction is a word used for joining one word to another or one sentence to another sentences .

Akram and his brother came.

I went there but he was absent.

Conjunctions can be divided into two classes:

  1. Co-ordinating conjunctions
  2. Sub-ordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions

They join sentences of coordinate rank.

He came here and he met me.

He came to see me but I was not at home.

Sub ordinating conjunctions

They join a subordinate or sependent clause to a principle clause rank.


An interjection is a word in a sentence to express some feeling  of the mind.

Hurrah! I have found my watch.

An interjection properly speaking is not a part of speech because it has no grammatical connection with any other word or words in the sentences . it is merely an exclamatory sound to denote some strong feeling or emotion.

  1. Exclamatory sounds
  2. Phrases used as interjections
  3. Mood of verbs and parts of speech

list of all parts of speech

Parts of speech with examples and definition

list of all parts of speech

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