Parts of Speech Definitions And Examples

Parts of speech Definitions and examples play very important roles in English grammar. Parts of speech are fundamental building blocks in the structure of any language. Understanding them is essential for mastering grammar, enhancing writing skills, and improving overall communication. In English, parts of speech categorize words based on their function and the role they play in sentences.

This classification helps in identifying how words interact with each other to form meaningful sentences. There are eight primary parts of speech in English, each serving a unique purpose in sentence construction.

These include nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. By comprehending these categories, students can better grasp the complexities of English grammar and improve their linguistic abilities.

Parts Of Speech Definitions And Examples

Parts of speech are categories of words that serve specific functions and play specific roles in the structure of sentences in the English language. Here are the main parts of speech with their definitions:

  1. Nouns: Words that name persons, places, things, or ideas. Examples include “dog,” “city,” and “happiness.”
  2. Pronouns: Words that take the place of nouns. Examples include “he,” “they,” and “which.”
  3. Verbs: Words that express actions or states of being. Examples include “run,” “is,” and “think.”
  4. Adjectives: Words that describe or modify nouns. Examples include “red,” “happy,” and “fast.”
  5. Adverbs: Words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, often indicating manner, time, place, or degree. Examples include “quickly,” “very,” and “there.”
  6. Prepositions: Words that show relationships between nouns (or pronouns) and other words in a sentence. Examples include “in,” “on,” and “by.”
  7. Conjunctions: Words that connect words, phrases, or clauses. Examples include “and,” “but,” and “or.”
  8. Interjections: Words that express emotion, often used as exclamations and are typically followed by a comma or an exclamation point. Examples include “Wow!,” “Ouch!,” and “Hey!”

Must Learn About:

Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Interjections, Prepositions, Conjunctions

List of All Parts of Speech



A noun is a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, things, or ideas. It can act as the subject or object of a verb, the object of a preposition, or can modify another noun.

Examples of Nouns

  1. Cat
  2. River
  3. Book
  4. Happiness
  5. Apple
  6. London
  7. Doctor
  8. Chair
  9. School
  10. Music

Examples of Nouns in Sentences

  1. The cat sat on the mat.
  2. The river flows gently towards the sea.
  3. She read an interesting book about history.
  4. His happiness was evident from his smile.
  5. She ate an apple for lunch.
  6. They traveled to London last summer.
  7. The doctor will see you now.
  8. She bought a new chair for her room.
  9. The children go to school every weekday.
  10. She loves listening to classical music.

Types of Noun

  • Proper Nouns: Names of specific people, places, or organizations. They are always capitalized and identify unique entities.
  • Common Nouns: General names for a person, place, thing, or idea. They are not capitalized unless they start a sentence.
  • Concrete Nouns: Represent physical objects or substances that can be sensed through the five senses.
  • Abstract Nouns: Names of ideas, qualities, or states that cannot be seen or touched.
  • Countable Nouns: Nouns that can be counted, having both singular and plural forms.
  • Uncountable Nouns: Substances, concepts, etc., that cannot be divided into separate elements and do not have a plural form.
  • Collective Nouns: Refer to groups of people, animals, or things.

List of Nouns

  1. Ambulance: Emergency
  2. Butterfly: Insect
  3. Cupcake: Dessert
  4. Diamond: Gemstone
  5. Eclipse: Celestial
  6. Festival: Celebration
  7. Glacier: Ice
  8. Harmony: Unity
  9. Igloo: Shelter
  10. Jungle: Forest
  11. Kangaroo: Marsupial
  12. Lantern: Light
  13. Mountain: Terrain
  14. Nest: Home
  15. Orchestra: Music
  16. Pirate: Outlaw
  17. Quilt: Bedding
  18. Rainbow: Spectrum
  19. Sunflower: Plant
  20. Telescope: Instrument
  21. Unicorn: Mythical
  22. Volcano: Eruption
  23. Waterfall: Nature
  24. Xylophone: Instrument
  25. Yacht: Boat
  26. Zeppelin: Aircraft
  27. Anchor: Stability
  28. Balloon: Inflate
  29. Comet: Astronomical
  30. Dolphin: Mammal
  31. Empire: Dominion
  32. Feather: Plumage
  33. Guitar: Music
  34. Helmet: Protection
  35. Island: Landmass
  36. Jewel: Precious
  37. Kettle: Appliance
  38. Lighthouse: Beacon
  39. Magnet: Attraction
  40. Noodle: Food
  41. Oasis: Refuge
  42. Penguin: Bird
  43. Quartz: Mineral
  44. Robot: Machine
  45. Statue: Sculpture
  46. Tornado: Storm
  47. Umbrella: Rain
  48. Vaccine: Immunization
  49. Windmill: Energy
  50. Yarn: Thread



Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns or noun phrases, making sentences less repetitive and more efficient. They are used to avoid repeating the same nouns over and over again.


  • He: Refers to a male person or animal.
  • She: Refers to a female person or animal.
  • It: Refers to a thing, animal, or a concept.
  • They: Refers to people, animals, or things in the plural.
  • You: Addresses the person or people being spoken or written to.

Examples in Sentence

  • He is going to the store.
  • She loves to read books.
  • It is raining outside.
  • They are coming over for dinner.
  • You should try this cake.

Types of Pronouns

  • Personal Pronouns: Refer to specific people or things.
    • Example: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.
  • Possessive Pronouns: Indicate ownership or possession.
    • Example: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs.
  • Reflexive Pronouns: Refer back to the subject of the sentence.
    • Example: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.
  • Demonstrative Pronouns: Point to specific things.
    • Example: this, that, these, those.
  • Relative Pronouns: Introduce relative clauses, connecting them to main clauses.
    • Example: who, whom, whose, which, that.
  • Interrogative Pronouns: Used to ask questions.
    • Example: who, whom, whose, which, what.
  • Indefinite Pronouns: Refer to nonspecific things or people.
    • Example: anyone, everybody, nothing, each, few, many, someone.

List of Pronouns

  • I
  • Me
  • We
  • Us
  • You
  • He
  • Him
  • She
  • Her
  • It
  • They
  • Them
  • My
  • Mine
  • Our
  • Ours
  • Your
  • Yours
  • His
  • Hers
  • Its
  • Their
  • Theirs
  • Myself
  • Ourselves
  • Yourself
  • Yourselves
  • Himself
  • Herself
  • Itself
  • Oneself
  • Themselves
  • This
  • That
  • These
  • Those
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose
  • Which
  • What
  • Whoever
  • Whomever
  • Whichever
  • Whatever
  • All
  • Another
  • Any
  • Anybody
  • Anyone



Verbs are words that describe an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. They are fundamental components of sentences, indicating what the subject is doing or the condition they are in.


  • Run: To move quickly on foot.
  • Eat: To consume food.
  • Sing: To produce musical sounds with the voice.
  • Jump: To spring off the ground.
  • Write: To form letters or words on a surface.
  • Laugh: To express amusement audibly.
  • Sleep: To rest in a state of reduced consciousness.
  • Think: To consider or reflect mentally.
  • Play: To engage in a game or recreational activity.
  • Read: To look at and comprehend the meaning of written or printed material.

Examples in Sentence

  • Run: “The athlete can run very fast.”
  • Eat: “We should eat more vegetables.”
  • Sing: “She loves to sing in the choir.”
  • Jump: “The children like to jump on the trampoline.”
  • Write: “He can write a novel.”
  • Laugh: “They often laugh at funny jokes.”
  • Sleep: “The cat likes to sleep in the sun.”
  • Think: “I need to think about this decision.”
  • Play: “The kids play outside after school.”
  • Read: “She enjoys reading mystery novels.”

Types of Verbs

  • Action Verbs: Express physical or mental actions.
    • Example: Run, Eat, Sing, Jump, Write.
  • Linking Verbs: Connect the subject to more information about the subject.
    • Example: Am, Is, Are, Was, Were.
  • Auxiliary Verbs: Help the main verb and are used with a main verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a question or negative.
    • Example: Have, Has, Had, Do, Does.
  • Modal Verbs: Express necessity, possibility, permission, or ability.
    • Example: Can, Could, May, Might, Must.
  • Transitive Verbs: Require a direct object.
    • Example: Throw, Bring, Buy, Send, Give.
  • Intransitive Verbs: Do not require a direct object.
    • Example: Go, Lie, Arrive, Die, Fall.

List of Verbs

  1. Ask: Inquire
  2. Believe: Accept as true
  3. Create: Produce
  4. Decide: Choose
  5. Enjoy: Delight in
  6. Follow: Pursue
  7. Help: Assist
  8. Listen: Hear attentively
  9. Remember: Recall
  10. Use: Employ
  11. Walk: Move on foot
  12. Learn: Acquire knowledge
  13. Teach: Instruct
  14. Grow: Increase
  15. Open: Uncover
  16. Close: Shut
  17. Start: Begin
  18. Finish: Complete
  19. Laugh: Express humor
  20. Cry: Shed tears
  21. Dance: Move rhythmically
  22. Sing: Vocalize melodies
  23. Jump: Leap
  24. Run: Race swiftly
  25. Drive: Operate a vehicle
  26. Fly: Soar through air
  27. Swim: Move in water
  28. Climb: Ascend
  29. Sit: Rest on a seat
  30. Stand: Be upright
  31. Speak: Talk
  32. Whisper: Speak softly
  33. Shout: Yell
  34. Write: Compose text
  35. Read: Perceive written words
  36. Calculate: Compute numbers
  37. Draw: Make art
  38. Paint: Apply color
  39. Build: Construct
  40. Design: Plan
  41. Invent: Create something new
  42. Discover: Find
  43. Explore: Investigate
  44. Travel: Journey
  45. Arrive: Reach a place
  46. Leave: Depart
  47. Enter: Come in
  48. Exit: Go out
  49. Throw: Propel through air
  50. Catch: Grab
  51. Push: Apply force
  52. Pull: Draw towards
  53. Lift: Raise
  54. Carry: Transport
  55. Move: Change position
  56. Stop: Cease movement
  57. Watch: Observe
  58. See: Perceive visually
  59. Hear: Perceive sound
  60. Taste: Sense flavor
  61. Touch: Make contact
  62. Smell: Detect odors
  63. Buy: Purchase
  64. Sell: Trade
  65. Pay: Give money
  66. Charge: Demand payment
  67. Save: Preserve
  68. Waste: Use carelessly
  69. Clean: Make neat
  70. Dirty: Make unclean
  71. Cook: Prepare food
  72. Eat: Consume food
  73. Drink: Consume liquid
  74. Bite: Use teeth
  75. Chew: Grind with teeth
  76. Kiss: Touch with lips
  77. Hug: Embrace
  78. Fight: Combat
  79. Play: Engage in fun
  80. Rest: Relax
  81. Work: Do a job
  82. Practice: Rehearse
  83. Perform: Execute a task
  84. Win: Achieve victory
  85. Lose: Fail to win
  86. Tie: Draw
  87. Compete: Take part in a contest
  88. Agree: Concur
  89. Disagree: Differ
  90. Argue: Debate
  91. Discuss: Talk about
  92. Explain: Make clear
  93. Describe: Portray
  94. Predict: Foretell
  95. Forget: Fail to remember
  96. Recall: Remember
  97. Imagine: Visualize
  98. Dream: Experience while sleeping
  99. Hope: Desire with expectation
  100. Wish: Desire



Adverbs are words that modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even a whole sentence. They provide additional information about how, when, where, to what extent, or under what condition something happens.


  • Quickly: With speed.
  • Silently: Without sound.
  • Happily: With happiness.
  • Often: Frequently.
  • Very: To a high degree.
  • Really: Truly or genuinely.
  • Easily: Without difficulty.
  • Yesterday: On the day before today.
  • Outside: In an external place.
  • Here: In this place.

Examples in Sentence

  • Quickly: “She runs quickly.”
  • Silently: “He walked silently into the room.”
  • Happily: “They lived happily ever after.”
  • Often: “I often go for a walk in the park.”
  • Very: “This is a very important issue.”
  • Really: “I really enjoy this book.”
  • Easily: “He solved the puzzle easily.”
  • Yesterday: “I met him yesterday.”
  • Outside: “The dog is playing outside.”
  • Here: “We are here at the concert.”

Types of Adverbs

  • Adverbs of Manner: Describe how something happens.
    • Example: Quickly, Slowly, Easily, Happily, Silently.
  • Adverbs of Time: Indicate when something happens.
    • Example: Now, Later, Soon, Yesterday, Today.
  • Adverbs of Place: Show where something happens.
    • Example: Here, There, Everywhere, Inside, Outside.
  • Adverbs of Frequency: Describe how often something happens.
    • Example: Always, Often, Seldom, Never, Usually.
  • Adverbs of Degree: Indicate the level or extent of something.
    • Example: Very, Quite, Almost, Too, Enough.

List of Adverb

  1. Abruptly: Suddenly
  2. Absolutely: Completely
  3. Accidentally: Unintentionally
  4. Actually: In fact
  5. Almost: Nearly
  6. Altogether: Completely
  7. Always: At all times
  8. Angrily: With anger
  9. Anxiously: With anxiety
  10. Anywhere: In any place
  11. Apparently: Seemingly
  12. Approximately: Roughly
  13. Badly: Poorly
  14. Barely: Hardly
  15. Beautifully: In a beautiful manner
  16. Before: Earlier
  17. Blindly: Without seeing
  18. Boldly: With courage
  19. Bravely: Courageously
  20. Briefly: For a short time
  21. Brightly: With brightness
  22. Briskly: Quickly
  23. Calmly: In a calm manner
  24. Carefully: With care
  25. Carelessly: Without care
  26. Certainly: Surely
  27. Cheerfully: With cheer
  28. Clearly: With clarity
  29. Closely: Near
  30. Commonly: Usually
  31. Constantly: Continuously
  32. Correctly: Rightly
  33. Courageously: With courage
  34. Daily: Every day
  35. Deliberately: Intentionally
  36. Delightfully: Pleasingly
  37. Doubtfully: With doubt
  38. Eagerly: With eagerness
  39. Early: Before the expected time
  40. Easily: Without difficulty
  41. Effectively: In an effective manner
  42. Efficiently: Competently
  43. Elegantly: With elegance
  44. Equally: In equal parts
  45. Especially: Particularly
  46. Essentially: Fundamentally
  47. Eternally: Forever
  48. Evenly: Uniformly
  49. Eventually: In the end
  50. Exactly: Precisely
  51. Exceedingly: Extremely
  52. Exceptionally: Unusually
  53. Excitedly: With excitement
  54. Exclusively: Solely
  55. Extremely: To a great extent
  56. Fairly: Justly
  57. Faithfully: Loyally
  58. Famously: Well-known
  59. Far: At a great distance
  60. Fast: Quickly
  61. Fatally: Lethally
  62. Fiercely: Violently
  63. Firmly: Solidly
  64. Firstly: In the first place
  65. Flatly: Without emotion
  66. Fondly: With affection
  67. Foolishly: Without sense
  68. Formally: Officially
  69. Frequently: Often
  70. Fully: Completely
  71. Generally: Usually
  72. Generously: Liberally
  73. Gently: Softly
  74. Gladly: With pleasure
  75. Gracefully: With grace
  76. Gratefully: With gratitude
  77. Greatly: Immensely
  78. Grimly: Sternly
  79. Happily: Joyfully
  80. Hard: With effort
  81. Harshly: Severely
  82. Hastily: Quickly
  83. Heartily: Enthusiastically
  84. Heavily: With weight
  85. Helpfully: In a helpful manner
  86. Honestly: Truthfully
  87. Hopelessly: Without hope
  88. Hourly: Every hour
  89. Humbly: Modestly
  90. Immediately: Instantly
  91. Immensely: Vastly
  92. Impatiently: Without patience
  93. Impolitely: Rudely
  94. Important: Significantly
  95. Incorrectly: Wrongly
  96. Indefinitely: For an undefined period
  97. Independently: On one’s own
  98. Indoors: Inside a building
  99. Inevitably: Unavoidably
  100. Infinitely: Endlessly

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Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence, typically a noun. They can provide information about the size, shape, age, color, origin, material, or purpose of a noun.


  • Beautiful: Pleasing to the senses.
  • Large: Of considerable size.
  • Happy: Feeling or showing pleasure.
  • Ancient: Very old.
  • Cold: Low in temperature.
  • Bright: Giving out or reflecting much light.
  • Soft: Easy to mold, cut, compress, or fold.
  • Red: Having the color of blood or cherries.
  • Fast: Moving at high speed.
  • Young: Having lived or existed for only a short time.

Examples in Sentence

  • Beautiful: “The garden is beautiful in spring.”
  • Large: “They have a large
  • Happy: “She felt happy after receiving good news.”
  • Ancient: “They visited the ancient
  • Cold: “The water was too cold for swimming.”
  • Bright: “The room was bright with sunlight.”
  • Soft: “The kitten’s fur is very soft.”
  • Red: “She wore a red
  • Fast: “The car is incredibly fast.”
  • Young: “Their young son is starting school.”

Types of Adjectives

  • Descriptive Adjectives: Describe the qualities or states of being of nouns.
    • Example: Happy, Sad, Bright, Dark, Loud.
  • Quantitative Adjectives: Indicate the quantity of a noun.
    • Example: Many, Few, Several, Whole, No.
  • Demonstrative Adjectives: Point out specific nouns.
    • Example: This, That, These, Those.
  • Possessive Adjectives: Show ownership or possession.
    • Example: My, Your, His, Her, Their.
  • Interrogative Adjectives: Used in questions.
    • Example: Which, What, Whose.
  • Comparative Adjectives: Compare two things.
    • Example: Bigger, Smaller, Faster, Higher, Lower.
  • Superlative Adjectives: Express the extreme or highest degree.
    • Example: Biggest, Smallest, Fastest, Highest, Lowest.
  • Articles: Define a noun as specific or unspecific.
    • Example: A, An, The.

List of Adjective

  1. Adorable: Endearing
  2. Adventurous: Daring
  3. Aggressive: Forceful
  4. Alert: Watchful
  5. Attractive: Appealing
  6. Average: Ordinary
  7. Awful: Terrible
  8. Bad: Poor quality
  9. Beautiful: Pleasing
  10. Blue: Color
  11. Bold: Confident
  12. Brave: Courageous
  13. Bright: Shiny
  14. Brilliant: Very smart
  15. Calm: Peaceful
  16. Careful: Cautious
  17. Charming: Delightful
  18. Cheerful: Happy
  19. Clean: Not dirty
  20. Clear: Understandable
  21. Clever: Intelligent
  22. Close: Near
  23. Cold: Chilly
  24. Colorful: Full of color
  25. Comfortable: Cozy
  26. Concerned: Worried
  27. Confident: Self-assured
  28. Confused: Puzzled
  29. Cool: Slightly cold
  30. Cooperative: Helpful
  31. Courageous: Brave
  32. Crazy: Insane
  33. Creative: Inventive
  34. Cruel: Mean
  35. Curious: Inquisitive
  36. Cute: Adorable
  37. Dangerous: Unsafe
  38. Dark: Not light
  39. Dead: Not alive
  40. Decent: Proper
  41. Delicate: Fragile
  42. Delightful: Pleasing
  43. Depressed: Sad
  44. Determined: Resolute
  45. Different: Not the same
  46. Difficult: Not easy
  47. Dirty: Not clean
  48. Disgusted: Revolted
  49. Distinct: Clear
  50. Disturbed: Upset
  51. Dizzy: Unsteady
  52. Dull: Boring
  53. Eager: Keen
  54. Easy: Simple
  55. Educated: Learned
  56. Efficient: Effective
  57. Elegant: Graceful
  58. Embarrassed: Ashamed
  59. Empty: Nothing inside
  60. Enchanted: Charmed
  61. Encouraging: Inspiring
  62. Energetic: Active
  63. Enormous: Very big
  64. Enthusiastic: Excited
  65. Evil: Very bad
  66. Excited: Thrilled
  67. Expensive: High-priced
  68. Fair: Just
  69. Faithful: Loyal
  70. Famous: Well-known
  71. Fancy: Elaborate
  72. Fantastic: Great
  73. Fierce: Intense
  74. Filthy: Very dirty
  75. Fine: Good
  76. Foolish: Unwise
  77. Fragile: Breakable
  78. Friendly: Kind
  79. Frightened: Scared
  80. Funny: Humorous
  81. Generous: Giving
  82. Gentle: Mild
  83. Giant: Very large
  84. Glamorous: Fascinating
  85. Gleaming: Shining
  86. Glorious: Wonderful
  87. Good: Positive
  88. Gorgeous: Very beautiful
  89. Graceful: Elegant
  90. Grateful: Thankful
  91. Great: Excellent
  92. Greedy: Wanting more
  93. Green: Color
  94. Grim: Serious
  95. Grouchy: Grumpy
  96. Grumpy: Bad-tempered
  97. Handsome: Good-looking
  98. Happy: Joyful
  99. Hard: Solid
  100. Harsh: Severe



Prepositions are words used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. They act to connect the people, objects, time, and locations of a sentence.


  • In: Inside or within.
  • On: Positioned at the top of.
  • At: A point or location.
  • From: The point of origin.
  • With: Accompanied by.
  • By: Means of.
  • Over: Above or higher than.
  • Under: Beneath or lower than.
  • Between: In the middle of two points.
  • Against: In opposition to.

Examples in Sentence

  • In: “The cat is in the box.”
  • On: “The book is on the table.”
  • At: “Meet me at the mall.”
  • From: “She traveled here from New York.”
  • With: “He came with his friends.”
  • By: “The letter was written by
  • Over: “The plane flew over the mountains.”
  • Under: “The dog hid under the bed.”
  • Between: “The park is between the museum and the library.”
  • Against: “He leaned against the wall.”

Types of Prepositions

  • Time Prepositions: Refer to time.
    • Example: Before, After, During, Until, Since.
  • Place Prepositions: Indicate location or position.
    • Example: Above, Below, Inside, Outside, Around.
  • Direction Prepositions: Show direction.
    • Example: To, From, Up, Down, Towards.
  • Prepositions of Agents or Things: Indicate a causal relationship.
    • Example: By, With, Of, For, Against.
  • Prepositions of Manner: Show the manner or way something happens.
    • Example: By, On, In, Like, As.

List of Preposition Words

  1. About: Concerning
  2. Above: Overhead
  3. Across: From one side to another
  4. After: Following in time
  5. Against: Opposed to
  6. Along: By the length of
  7. Among: In the middle of
  8. Around: Surrounding
  9. As: Similar to
  10. At: In a specific place
  11. Before: Prior to
  12. Behind: At the back of
  13. Below: Beneath
  14. Beneath: Underneath
  15. Beside: Next to
  16. Between: In the middle of two
  17. Beyond: Past the limit of
  18. But: Except for
  19. By: Close to or beside
  20. Concerning: Regarding
  21. Considering: Taking into account
  22. Despite: Without being affected by
  23. Down: From a higher to a lower point
  24. During: Throughout the duration of
  25. Except: Not including
  26. For: Intended to belong to
  27. From: Starting point
  28. In: Inside
  29. Inside: Within
  30. Into: Entering
  31. Like: Similar to
  32. Near: Close by
  33. Next: Following
  34. Of: Belonging to
  35. Off: Away from
  36. On: Resting at the surface
  37. Onto: Moving to the top of
  38. Out: Exiting
  39. Outside: Not inside
  40. Over: Above
  41. Past: Beyond
  42. Regarding: Concerning
  43. Round: Circular motion
  44. Since: From a time in the past
  45. Through: From end to end
  46. Throughout: All the way through
  47. Till: Up to the time of
  48. To: In the direction of
  49. Towards: In the direction of
  50. Under: Beneath
  51. Underneath: Directly below
  52. Unlike: Different from
  53. Until: Up to the time of
  54. Up: Towards a higher place
  55. Upon: On top of
  56. Versus: Against
  57. Via: By way of
  58. With: Accompanied by
  59. Within: Inside
  60. Without: Lacking
  61. According to: As stated by
  62. Adjacent to: Next to
  63. Ahead of: In front of
  64. Alongside: Next to
  65. Amid: Among
  66. Amongst: In the middle of
  67. Apart from: Excluding
  68. As for: Regarding
  69. Aside from: Apart from
  70. Because of: Due to
  71. Close to: Near
  72. Due to: Caused by
  73. Except for: Other than
  74. Far from: Not near
  75. In addition to: Also
  76. In between: Among
  77. In front of: Before
  78. In place of: Instead of
  79. In spite of: Despite
  80. Instead of: In place of
  81. On account of: Because of
  82. On behalf of: Representing
  83. On top of: Above
  84. Opposite: Facing
  85. Out of: From within to the outside
  86. Outside of: Beyond
  87. Owing to: Because of
  88. Prior to: Before
  89. Regardless of: No matter
  90. Subsequent to: After
  91. Such as: For example
  92. Thanks to: Because of
  93. Together with: Along with
  94. Up against: Facing or opposing
  95. Up to: As far as
  96. As opposed to: In contrast to
  97. As per: According to
  98. As well as: In addition to
  99. In accordance with: Following



Conjunctions are words that join together other words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. They help to create complex sentences, build connections, and add coherence to writing.


  • And: Used to connect similar ideas.
  • But: Indicates a contrast.
  • Or: Presents an alternative or choice.
  • Because: Shows a reason or cause.
  • Although: Suggests a contrast in spite of something.
  • Since: Indicates time or reason.
  • Unless: Means ‘if not’.
  • While: Indicates two things happening at the same time.
  • Whereas: Shows a contrast between two things.
  • After: Refers to time following an event.

Examples in Sentence

  • And: “She bought apples and
  • But: “He wanted to go but he was too tired.”
  • Or: “Would you like tea or coffee?”
  • Because: “She smiled because she was happy.”
  • Although: “Although it was raining, they went for a walk.”
  • Since: “I have known her since
  • Unless: “We will not succeed unless we try.”
  • While: “She listens to music while she studies.”
  • Whereas: “I like tea, whereas he prefers coffee.”
  • After: “After** the movie, we went to dinner.”

Types of Conjunctions

  • Coordinating Conjunctions: Connect words, phrases, or clauses of equal importance.
    • Example: And, But, Or, Nor, For, Yet, So.
  • Subordinating Conjunctions: Connect an independent clause with a dependent clause.
    • Example: Because, Although, Since, Unless, While.
  • Correlative Conjunctions: Work in pairs to join words or phrases that are used in the same way in a sentence.
    • Example: ..or, Neither…nor, Not only…but also, Both…and, Whether…or.
  • Conjunctive Adverbs: Used to connect independent clauses and indicate the relationship between them.
    • Example: However, Moreover, Therefore, Consequently, Nevertheless.

List of Conjunction

  1. And: Also
  2. But: However
  3. Or: Alternatively
  4. Because: Reason
  5. Although: Despite
  6. Since: From the time
  7. Unless: Except if
  8. While: During the time
  9. Whereas: In contrast
  10. After: Following
  11. Before: Prior to
  12. As: While
  13. If: On the condition
  14. Though: Even though
  15. When: At the time
  16. Whenever: At any time
  17. Till: Until
  18. Until: Up to the time
  19. Once: As soon as
  20. As soon as: Immediately when
  21. For: Because of
  22. Yet: Still
  23. So: Therefore
  24. ..or: Choice between two
  25. ..nor: Not either
  26. Not only…but also: Both
  27. ..and: Together
  28. ..or: Expressing a doubt
  29. Than: In comparison
  30. As if: Similarly
  31. As though: As if
  32. Even if: Regardless of whether
  33. Even though: Despite the fact
  34. Inasmuch as: Because
  35. Lest: For fear that
  36. Now that: Since
  37. Provided that: On the condition
  38. Seeing that: Considering
  39. Supposing that: Assuming
  40. While: Whereas
  41. Where: In which place
  42. Wherever: In any place
  43. How: In what way
  44. However: Nevertheless
  45. Moreover: Besides
  46. Therefore: As a result
  47. Consequently: As a result
  48. Nevertheless: Nonetheless
  49. Accordingly: Consequently
  50. Indeed: In fact
  51. Instead: As an alternative
  52. Otherwise: In a different way
  53. Plus: Additionally
  54. Thereby: As a result of
  55. Therefor: For that reason
  56. Though: However
  57. Thus: As a result
  58. Yet: Nonetheless
  59. Namely: Specifically
  60. As well as: And also
  61. Hence: Therefore
  62. Then: After that
  63. Ergo: Therefore
  64. Still: Nonetheless
  65. Albeit: Although
  66. Notwithstanding: In spite of
  67. In order to: For the purpose of
  68. So that: For the purpose
  69. As long as: Provided that
  70. As much as: To the extent that
  71. As soon as: Just after
  72. As far as: To the degree
  73. In that: Because
  74. Now when: At the time
  75. Insofar as: To the extent
  76. In the event that: If it happens
  77. Granted that: Assuming that
  78. In case: If it happens
  79. Whenever: At whatever time
  80. Wherein: In which
  81. Just as: Exactly like
  82. As: Similar to
  83. As if: As it would be if
  84. As though: As it would be if
  85. As far as: To the degree that
  86. As well as: In addition to
  87. As much as: To the extent of
  88. As soon as: Immediately when
  89. As long as: During the time that
  90. As soon as: Immediately when
  91. As much as: To the extent that
  92. As well as: In addition to
  93. As far as: To the extent of
  94. As soon as: Immediately when
  95. As long as: During the time that
  96. So as to: In order to
  97. So that: In order to
  98. In order that: For the purpose of
  99. So as to: For the purpose of


An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong emotion or reaction, often used spontaneously in speech. It typically stands alone and is often punctuated with an exclamation mark.


  • Ah
  • Wow
  • Oops
  • Yay
  • Alas
  • Eek
  • Aha
  • Ouch
  • Hooray
  • Ugh

Examples in Sentences:

  • Ah, now I understand!
  • Wow, that’s amazing!
  • Oops, I dropped it.
  • Yay, we won the game!
  • Alas, it was not meant to be.
  • Eek, a spider!
  • Aha, I’ve found the clue!
  • Ouch, that hurt!
  • Hooray, vacation starts today!
  • Ugh, I can’t believe this happened.

Types of Interjection

  1. Joy
    • g., Yay, Hooray, Woo-hoo, Yippee, Woohoo
    • Yay, I got the job!
    • Hooray, we won the match!
    • Woo-hoo, this is so much fun!
    • Yippee, it’s my birthday!
    • Woohoo, we’re going on a trip!
  2. Surprise
    • g., Wow, Oh, Whoa, Holy cow, Gee
    • Wow, I didn’t see that coming!
    • Oh, you scared me!
    • Whoa, that was close!
    • Holy cow, that’s a huge dog!
    • Gee, that’s a brilliant idea!
  3. Pain
    • g., Ouch, Ow, Eek, Yowch, Oof
    • Ouch, I stubbed my toe!
    • Ow, I burnt my hand!
    • Eek, I cut myself!
    • Yowch, that’s hot!
    • Oof, I fell down the stairs.
  4. Disgust
    • g., Ugh, Ew, Yuck, Gross, Ick
    • Ugh, I hate broccoli.
    • Ew, that smells bad.
    • Yuck, this tastes awful.
    • Gross, look at that mess.
    • Ick, I stepped in mud.
  5. Relief
    • g., Phew, Ahh, Ohh, Aah, Thank goodness
    • Phew, that was a close call.
    • Ahh, that feels better.
    • Ohh, I finally finished my work.
    • Aah, this is relaxing.
    • Thank goodness, you are safe.

List of Interjection

  • Ah: Realization or understanding
  • Aha: Discovery or realization
  • Alas: Sorrow or regret
  • Bingo: Success or achievement
  • Boo: Disapproval or surprise
  • Bravo: Congratulations or approval
  • Eek: Fear or alarm
  • Eh: Inquiry or indifference
  • Er: Hesitation
  • Gee: Surprise or admiration
  • Gosh: Surprise or amazement
  • Ha: Laughter or triumph
  • Haha: Laughter
  • Heh: Amused laughter
  • Hey: Attention or greeting
  • Hi: Greeting
  • Hm: Thought or consideration
  • Hmm: Thinking or pondering
  • Hooray: Joy or triumph
  • Huh: Confusion or surprise
  • Hum: Hesitation or thought
  • Ick: Disgust
  • Meh: Indifference or unimpressed
  • Mhm: Agreement or acknowledgment
  • Nah: Disagreement or refusal
  • Nope: Negative response
  • Oh: Surprise or realization
  • Oho: Discovery or triumph
  • Ooh: Amazement or pleasure
  • Oops: Mistake or error
  • Ouch: Pain
  • Ow: Pain
  • Phew: Relief
  • Psst: Attention
  • Shh: Quiet or silence
  • Sigh: Disappointment or relief
  • Tsk: Disapproval
  • Uh: Hesitation
  • Ugh: Disgust
  • Uh-huh: Agreement
  • Uh-oh: Concern or realization of a problem
  • Um: Hesitation
  • Whoa: Surprise or amazement
  • Wow: Surprise or admiration
  • Yay: Joy or excitement
  • Yeah: Agreement or excitement
  • Yikes: Fear or surprise
  • Yippee: Joy or excitement
  • Yo: Greeting or attention
  • Yuck: Disgust
  • Yup: Agreement

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