Preposition and Its Types with Examples

Imagine a world without prepositions. No ‘in,’ ‘on,’ or ‘at’ to help us pinpoint location, no ‘from,’ ‘to,’ or ‘through’ to indicate direction. Prepositions may seem like small, unassuming words, but their impact on language is monumental.

In this article, we’ll embark on a journey through the fascinating world of prepositions and explore their various types with real-life examples. Get ready to discover how these seemingly insignificant words play a crucial role in shaping the structure and meaning of our sentences.

Definition of Preposition

A preposition is a word that links nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. It typically indicates a relationship of direction, place, time, or method between its object and another part of the sentence.

Preposition and Its Types

A preposition is a part of speech that indicates the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other elements in a sentence. It often shows the direction, location, time, or method of something.

Types of Prepositions with Examples

Simple Prepositions

Definition: Simple prepositions are basic, single-word prepositions that are commonly used in English. They are fundamental to sentence construction.

Examples in Sentences:

  1. The cat is on the table.
  2. She lives in New York.
  3. He arrived after
  4. They walked through the park.
  5. The painting is above the fireplace.
  6. He sat beside
  7. The book is under the pillow.
  8. Flowers are in the vase.
  9. She went into the store.
  10. The bird flew over the lake.

Double Prepositions

Definition: Double prepositions are formed by combining two simple prepositions to make a single preposition. These offer a more specific direction or location.

Examples in Sentences:

  1. She passed into the room.
  2. The cat jumped out of the box.
  3. They walked up to the door.
  4. He looked down on the city.
  5. She is working from within the organization.
  6. He walked up to the edge.
  7. She came out of
  8. The bird flew out of the cage.
  9. He is inside of the car.
  10. They are moving towards the mountains.

Compound Prepositions

Definition: Compound prepositions consist of two or more words that function as a single preposition. They often express relationships of time, space, or direction.

Examples in Sentences:

  1. The shop is across from the bank.
  2. He worked in front of the audience.
  3. She lives along with her friends.
  4. The cat sat next to the dog.
  5. They met despite the rain.
  6. He is ahead of everyone else.
  7. She went along with the plan.
  8. The tree fell because of the storm.
  9. He was due to the traffic.
  10. It happened by the rules.

Participle Prepositions

Definition: Participle prepositions are participles (words derived from verbs) that function as prepositions. They often end in -ing, -ed, or -en.

Examples in Sentences:

  1. He is tired considering the work.
  2. They are excited regarding the trip.
  3. The project is pending
  4. She is worried owing to the delay.
  5. The decision was made bearing in mind the costs.
  6. They were successful notwithstanding the difficulties.
  7. She is singing during the show.
  8. He is busy working on the project.
  9. The team is focusing on the goal.
  10. She was crying following the news.

Phrase Prepositions (Prepositional Phrases)

Definition: Phrase prepositions, or prepositional phrases, are groups of words that act as a single preposition. They provide additional details like location, time, or method.

Examples in Sentences:

  1. They met in front of the theater.
  2. He waited at the end of the line.
  3. The bird is on top of the tree.
  4. She works according to the rules.
  5. The picture is next to the window.
  6. He arrived in the middle of the night.
  7. She is studying in spite of being tired.
  8. They left in case of an emergency.
  9. The keys are on behalf of the owner.
  10. He spoke because of his experience.

Must Learn About:

Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Interjections, Prepositions, Conjunctions

Time Prepositions

Definition: Time prepositions are used to specify when something happens. They can indicate points in time, durations, and relations to time.


  1. Before
  2. After
  3. During
  4. Until
  5. Since


  1. We will meet before
  2. The store opens after 8 AM.
  3. She reads during her break.
  4. Wait here until I return.
  5. He has been there since

Place Prepositions

Definition: Place prepositions indicate the location or position of something. They describe where something is situated in relation to another object.


  1. On
  2. In
  3. At
  4. Under
  5. Between


  1. The book is on the table.
  2. She is waiting in the lobby.
  3. Meet me at the entrance.
  4. The cat is hiding under the bed.
  5. The park is between the two buildings.

Direction Prepositions

Definition: Direction prepositions are used to show the direction in which something is moving or the direction towards something.


  1. To
  2. Towards
  3. Into
  4. From
  5. Through


  1. He walked to the store.
  2. She moved towards the door.
  3. The bird flew into the window.
  4. They traveled from Paris to
  5. She drove through the tunnel.

Agency Prepositions

Definition: Agency prepositions are used to indicate a relationship of agency, usually showing who or what is performing an action. They are often used with passive verbs.


  1. By
  2. With
  3. Through


  1. The novel was written by the famous author.
  2. The cake was cut with a sharp knife.
  3. The message was delivered through a courier.

Instrumental Prepositions

Definition: Instrumental prepositions indicate the instrument, tool, or means by or with which something is done or achieved.


  1. With
  2. By
  3. Using
  4. Through
  5. Via


  1. He repaired the watch with tiny tools.
  2. The photograph was taken by a drone.
  3. She made the dress using silk fabric.
  4. Information was sent through
  5. The journey was made via

Examples of Prepositions in Sentences

  1. The book is on the table.
  2. She walked to the store.
  3. He jumped over the fence.
  4. The cat slept under the bed.
  5. They traveled by
  6. She looked at the painting.
  7. He drove through the tunnel.
  8. The bird flew above the trees.
  9. They met in front of the library.
  10. She is from
  11. He works with
  12. The letter is for
  13. They played music during
  14. He waited until
  15. She lives near the school.
  16. The flowers are beside the path.
  17. She arrived after the show started.
  18. The dog is between the chairs.
  19. He swam across the river.
  20. The picture hangs above the fireplace.
  21. She ran towards the park.
  22. They are traveling to
  23. He leaned against the wall.
  24. The keys are on top of the fridge.
  25. They were talking about the movie.
  26. She is sitting next to
  27. The book belongs to
  28. He is in front of the queue.
  29. The hat is inside the box.
  30. The story is based on true events.

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kinds of prepositions
preposition of place
preposition of place

Preposition List


























































According to


Apart from

As for

As of

As per

As regards

Aside from

Back to

Because of

Close to

Due to

Except for

Far from

In front of

In lieu of

In place of

In spite of

Instead of

In view of

Next to

On account of

On behalf of

On top of

Opposite to

Out of

Outside of

Owing to

Prior to

Thanks to

Through to

Up to



With regard to

With respect to

As well as

On to

On board

As against

Across from

Along with

In addition to

In accordance with

In answer to

In case of

In front of

In light of

In reaction to

In reference to

In relation to

In response to

In search of

On behalf of

On top of

In conjunction with

In contrast to

In excess of

In favor of

In need of

In order to

In place of

In regard to

In spite of

In terms of

In the event of

In the face of

In the hope of

In the light of

In the middle of

In the name of

In the wake of

On account of

On the basis of

On the edge of

On the grounds of

On the part of

On the side of

On the strength of

On the subject of

Out of respect for

Prior to

As opposed to

In keeping with

In lieu of

In line with

In the absence of

In the course of

In the interest of

In the process of

In the vicinity of

On the verge of

With a view to

preposition list

examples of preposition

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