Exercises of active and passive voice with example! The active voice is used when the subject of a sentence performs the action. For example, “I am washing the car.” The passive voice is used when the subject of a sentence is acted upon. For example, “The car is being washed by me.” While the active voice is usually more concise, there are times when the passive voice is preferable.
Most people likely learned about active voice and passive voice in their high school English classes. It’s a concept that can be applied to many different types of writing, from essays to marketing copy. Here’s a quick refresher on the difference between these two sentence structures.
Exercises of active and passive voice?
- Active voice occurs when the subject of the sentence is performing the action. For example, “I am writing an article about active voice and passive voice.” In this sentence, “I” is the subject and “am writing” is the verb.
- Passive voice happens when the subject of the sentence is not performing the action. Instead, the action is being done to them. For example, “An article about active voice and passive voice is being written by me.
- Active voice describes a sentence where the subject is performing the action stated by the verb. For example, “I am writing a paper.” Passive voice, on the other hand, happens when the subject is being acted upon by the verb.
Exercises of active and passive voice
A verb is in the active voice when its subject acts. When the subject does something.
- Tina writes an essay every day. Muslims had ruled (or had ruled over) Spain. China can make great scientific progress.
- Here Tina is the subject, writes is the transitive verb and essay is the object. Muslims are the subject, ruled is the transitive verb and Spain is the object. China is the subject; make is the verb and scientific progress is the object.
A verb is in the passive voice when its subject is acted on.
- An essay is written by Nisha every day. (Or) Every day an essay is written by Nisha. Spain had been ruled by Muslims.
- Great scientific progress can be made by Pakistan.
The third form of the main verb, past participle, is always used in the passive voice.
The Bike was driven by Ansar.
Rules of Active and Passive Voice!
Change the order or arrangement of the words in the sentence. Bring the object to the beginning so as to show that it is being acted on. We, thus, make it the passive voice subject. But in question, the order is according to the situation.
Example for active and passive voice
Active voice: the mens like that leader.
Passive voice: that leader is liked by the mens.
Active voice: He helped me.
Passive voice: I was helped by His.
Active voice: will you visit America?
Passive voice: will America be visited by you?
Change The Main Verb Into Its Third Form.
Use the necessary helping verb ( is, was, be, etc. ) in the passive voice according to the tense.
Active voice: Mr. john teaches poor people.
Passive voice: poor people are taught by Mr. John.
The helping verb is followed by the past participial in the passive voice. The past participle is “taught” here.
Active voice: let us throw the ball far away.
Passive voice: let the ball be thrown by us far away.
Active voice: They ate the food in the Morning.
Passive voice: the food was eaten by them in the Morning.
Note. The words unconnected with the subject and object._ the additional words_ like “fat away” in the second sentence and “in the Morning” in the Morning” in the third sentence above remain the same in the passive voice.
Only a transitive verb sentence can be changed into the passive voice because only a transitive verb can have an object. Thus, we can’t change a sentence with an intransitive verb into a passive voice.
- They sleep at noon.
- It can’t be changed into the passive voice.
If a passive voice sentence like the one given below does not have the subject, it cannot be changed into the active voice readily.
active and passive voice examples with answers
Rules of Active and Passive Voice!
- When a transitive verb has two objects, either of them can be made the subject in the passive voice.
- The direct object is a noun or pronoun that comes after the action verb. It answers the question what? Or whom? The indirect object comes before the direct object and names the person or thing for which something is done.
Active voice: Tanisha teaches us English.
Passive voice: we are taught English (indirect or retained object) by Tanisha. (Or) English is taught us (retained object) by Tanisha.
The object of the transitive verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the passive voice.
Active: we are playing Hockey.
Passive: Hockey is being played by us.
- Here Hockey is the object of “playing” in the active voice. It is the subject of “is being played” in the passive voice.
- We cannot change a passive voice sentence into the active voice unless it has the subject of the active voice verb.
Passive: Tenis is played by us in the afternoon.
Active: we play Tenis in the afternoon.
- We cannot change the following sentence into the active voice.
- Tenis is played here in the evening. ( here there is no subject of the active verb. “who” plays Tenis, the subject, is understood. Quite a many passive voice sentences in English are framed thus.)
Also Learn Lesson about Tenses
Rules of Active and Passive Voice In Tenses:
Present, past, or future indefinite tense
Note in the passive voice of the following sentences: in the simple present, the helping verb “is” is used, and then the third form of “study.”
Active and Passive voice In Past simple Tense
In the simple past, the helping verb “was” is used, and then the third form of “eat.”
In the simple future, the helping verb “be” is used, and then the third form of “write.” The same for “meet.”
Active voice: They study English.
Passive voice: English is studied by them.
Active voice: JClay ate a cake.
Passive voice: A cake was eaten by Jclay.
Active voice: Joni will write a letter.
Passive voice: The letter will be written by Joni.
Active voice: They will meet him.
Passive voice: I shall be met by them.
Note in the passive voice of the following sentences: in the present continuous, the helping verb ‘being” is used, and then the third form of “cook.” The same in the following sentences:
- In the past continuous, the helping verb “being” is used, and then the third form of “learn.” The same for “learn” and “examine.”
example active and passive voice
Active voice: Nimra is cooking food.
Passive voice: food is being cooked by her. Nimra.
Active voice: we are learning our Stories.
Passive voice: our Stories were being learned by us.
Active voice: the Nurse was examining him.
Passive voice: He was being examined by the Nurse.
Active voice: the Headmaster is teaching the class.
Passive voice: The class is being taught by the Headmaster.
- Future continuous tense, present perfect continuous tense, and past perfect continuous tense do not admit of passive voice in sensible English.
- She will be meeting her old friends in Multan. (Future continuous)
- We have been reading these Novels since last month. ( present perfect continuous)
- Had you been visiting the park off and on? (Past perfect continuous)
Learn about Descriptive words
What is the differences between active and passive voice
Present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect tense:
- While converting verbs in the present, past, and future perfect tenses from active, “been” is used.
- Note the following sentences: in the present perfect, the helping verb “been” is used, and then the third form of “see.”
- In the past perfect, the helping verb “been” is used, and then the third form of “visit.”
- In the future perfect the helping verb “been” is used, and then the third form of “finish.”
Active voice: She has seen this picture.
Passive voice: the picture has been seen by her.
Active voice: she had visited Lahore.
Passive voice: Lahore had been visited by her.
Active voice: They will have finished their work by twelve.
Passive voice: Their work will have been finished them by Twelve.
Note on Questions:
- The helping verbal “is”, “do,” “was,” “did,” etc. At the beginning of a sentence may be replaced by different verb forms according to the sense:
Active: Do the students play badminton after the classes.
Passive: is Badminton played by the students after the classes?
“Do” goes with “the students” and “is” goes with “Badminton”
Active: Did they clean the Hall?
Passive: were the hall cleaned by them?
- To understand the above changes better note these stages:
- Question words like “why, where, when, will, has, shall, must” remain unchanged.
Active: why does Mr. Ahsan meet them every day?
Passive: why are they met by Mr. Ahsan every day?
How To Make Active and Passive Voice
Step 1. Question
Why does Mr. Ahsan meet them every day?
Step 2. Statement
Mr.Ahsan meet them every day.
- Step 1. Statement
- They are met by Mr.Ahsan every day.
- Step 2. Question
- Why are they met by Mr. Ahsan every day?
- At the start you may try the above method.
- Question words like “is,” “was,” “do” get changed.
- Active: Does miss Norain teach them?
- Passive: are they tough by Miss Norain?
- Active: Did the people not vote against worthless leaders?
- Passive: were worthless leaders not voted against by the people?
Active: They know me.
Passive: I am known to them.
Active: The film disappointed us.
Passive: we were disappointed at or with the film.
Preposition like “in,” “at,” “up,” etc. Should be placed wherever needed.
Active: Roman looked at the beautiful scene.
Passive: The beautiful scene was looked at by roman.
Active: How can they give up the struggle.
Passive: How can the struggle be given up by them.
Note the change above with reference to the different tenses.
Passive Voice without Subject
- The agent or the subject proper is sometimes not necessary in the passive voice.
- Someone picked my Hand in the bus.
- My hand was picked in the bus (by someone)
- They visit these places as all reach their Favorite sports.
- These places are visited (by them) as favorite spots are reached (by all).
- We pity fallen heroes as we grieve over (or for) youthful death.
Order and Requests
Note the use of “let” with “be” in the passive voice. With “have,” “be” is not used. With “please” and “kindly” in the active voice, we use “ request” in the passive voice.
Bundle of Examples of Active and Passive Voice
Active: shut the door after Hira come in.
Passive: let the door be shut after Hira come in.
Active: Don’t trouble your neighbors.
Passive: let your neighbors not be troubled by you.
practice exercise of active and passive voice
solved exercise of active and passive voice
Active: I saw them at the police station yesterday.
Passive: they were seen at the police station by me yesterday.
Active: My principle does not punish me.
Passive: I am not punished by principle.
Active: The Student was to teach classes at noon.
Passive: classes were being taught by the Student at noon.
Active: we shall play a Hockey match tomorrow.
Passive: A hockey match will be played by us tomorrow.
list no 3
Active: please make coffee for me.
Passive: Have coffee made for me, please.
Active: when will you return the novel?
Passive: When will the novel be returned by you?
Active: His sudden visit surprised me.
Passive: I was surprised at his sudden visit.
List of Examples:
Exercises of active and passive voice with example.
Active: she took the letter to the post office.
Passive: the letter was taken by her to the Post office.
Active: he was planting new trees in the home garden.
Passive: New trees were being planted by him in the home garden.
Active: Go and wash the utensils.
Passive: Be gone and let the utensils be washed.
Active: sana behavior displeases me.
Passive: I am displeased by sana behavior.
Active: he will address a meeting here tomorrow.
Passive: The meeting will be addressed by him here tomorrow.
Active: The people need able leaders.
Passive: able leaders are needed by the people.
Active: we should construct new dams.
Passive: New dams should be constructed by us.
Active: Do not read harmful books.
Passive: let harmful books not be read by you.
Exercise No 4
Active: Read useful looks.
Passive: let the useful books be read.
Active: why are you wasting the best part of your school life?
Passive: why is the best part of your life being wasted by you?
Active: write your tuition work and bring it tomorrow.
Passive: Let your tuition be written and let it be brought tomorrow.
practice exercise of active and passive voice
- We compelled the enemy to surrender.
- The boy was bitten by a lion.
- The thief was not caught.
- The boy made a painting.
- The boy made a disturbance at the meeting.
- The captive was bound to a plant.
- The bird was killed by a girl.
- The sudden noise frightened the dog.
- She is loved by all.
- The exhibition was opened by the headmaster.
- Anwar see a dark cloud.
Exercises of active and passive voice
- her command was promptly obeyed.
- Some of the cargo had been damaged by the aircraft.
- Nothing will be gained by hurry.
- The lion chased the sheep.
- The field is ploughed.
- The cat was teased by the girl.
- The monkey drank all the water.
- A ball struck me on the head.
- The old girl takes snuff.
- The food was lost.
- The letter has just been posted.
- Rama was making a kite.
- The boy caught the ball.
- My father will write a book.
- I will conquer her.
- she kept me waiting.
- The hunter shot the sheep.
- Hart opened the door.
- Gentlemen caught the thief.
- Rishi threw the ball.
- He scored fifty runs.
- He made a remarkable discovery.
- Everyone loves her.
Exercises of active and passive voice with example
- My sister has drawn this picture.
- We expect good news.
- The farmer gathers the harvest.
- Her own sister swindled her.
- The recitation pleased the policemen.
- Somebody has put out the light.
- I have sold my train.
- We saw you and him.
- They asked me my nick name.
- We refused them admission.
- I bought the baby a football.
- A thunderstorm often turns milk sour.
- You cannot pump the ocean dry.
- He keeps me waiting.
- They painted the house red.
- He told me to leave the room.
- He promised me a present.
- I shall order the carriage.
- The boy is climbing the cliff.
- One may accomplish many things by a little effort.
- I am watching you very carefully.
- The road was lined With people.
- The President was welcomed by the people.
You Can Download PDF Exercises of Active and Passive Voice